Andrographis paniculata, commonly known as King of Bitters or Kalmegh, is a highly used medicinal plant of the ancient Indian medicine system. The bioactive compound, Andrographolides, is diterpene lactones having immune-stimulating activity and anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, anti-hyperglycemic activities.
Boswellia, or Indian frankincense, is a resin derived from the Boswellia tree, which has been used in traditional medicine practices for a long time. The presence of active boswellic acids in Boswellia serrata provides excellent anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting pro-inflammatory enzymes such as 5-Lipoxygenase, responsible for producing inflammatory molecules.
Garcinia cambogia, a small pumpkin-shaped tropical fruit also known as the Malabar tamarind, is used in weight-loss supplements. The fruit’s rind contains an active ingredient, Hydroxycitric acid, which blocks the enzyme citrate lyase involved in endogenous lipid biosynthesis. It also increases hepatic glycogen synthesis, suppresses appetite.